Science

Year 3NC Objectives covered
Movement and Feeding·         Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat (K)
·         Identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement. (K)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions (WS)
·         Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. (WS)
Light and Shadows·         Recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light (K)
·         Notice that light is reflected from surfaces (K)
·         Recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by a solid object (K)
·         Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes (K)
·         Find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change. (K)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions (WS)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions (WS)
What Plants Need·         Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant (K)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables (WS)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions (WS)
·         Identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. (WS)
·         Reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions (WS)
Rocks and Soils·         Compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and simple physical properties (K)
·         Describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock (K)
·         Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter. (K)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
Parts of Plants·         Identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants: roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers (K)
·         Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants (K)
·         Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal. (K)
·         Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them (WS)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. (WS)
Magnets and Forces·         Compare how things move on different surfaces (K)
·         Notice that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance (K)
·         Describe magnets as having two poles (K)
·         Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing. (K)
·         Observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others (K)
·         Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials (K)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions (WS)
·         Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. (WS)
·         Identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes (WS)
·         Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them (WS)
Year 4NC Objectives covered
Electricity·         Identify common appliances that run on electricity (K)
·         Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers (K)
·         Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery (K)
·         Recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors. (K)
·         Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit (K)
·         Recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables (WS)
·         Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions (WS)
·         Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. (WS)
·         Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them (WS)
·         Identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes (WS)
Dangers to Living Things·         Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things. (K)
·         Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey. (K)
·         Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them (WS)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. (WS)
Human Nutrition·         Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans (K)
·         Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions (K)
·         Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions (WS)
·         Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions (WS)
Sound·         Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating (K)
·         Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear (K)
·         Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it (K)
·         Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it (K)
·         Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases. (K)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes (WS)
Grouping Living Things·         Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways (K)
·         Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment (K)
·         Recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables (WS)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions (WS)
·         Reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions (WS)
·         Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings. (WS)
Changes of State·         Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases (K)
·         Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C) (K)
·         Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature. (K)
·         Identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes (WS)
·         Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers (WS)
·         Reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions (WS)
Year 5NC Objectives covered
Life Cycles·         Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird (K)
·         Describe the changes as humans develop to old age. (K)
·         Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals. (K)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
Earth and Space·         Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies (K)
·         Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system (K)
·         Use the idea of the Earth's rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky. (K)
·         Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth (K)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
Separating Mixtures·         Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated, including through filtering, sieving and evaporating (K)
·         Know that some materials will dissolve in liquid to form a solution, and describe how to recover a substance from a solution (K)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
Types of Change·         Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes (K)
·         Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible, including changes associated with burning and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda. (K)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
Materials·         Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets (K)
·         Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials, including metals, wood and plastic (K)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
Forces·         Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object (K)
·         Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces (K)
·         Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect. (K)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
Year 6NC Objectives covered
Light and Sight·         Explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes (K)
·         Recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines (K)
·         Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye (K)
·         Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them. (K)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
Our Bodies·         Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood (K)
·         Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans. (K)
·         Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function (K)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
Classifying Living Things·         Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including micro-organisms, plants and animals (K)
·         Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics. (K)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
Changing Circuits·         Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram. (K)
·         Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit (K)
·         Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches (K)
·         Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs (WS)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
·         Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate (WS)
Evolution and Inheritance·         Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago (K)
·         Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents (K)
·         Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution. (K)
·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)
·         Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary (WS)
·         Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations (WS)
Review and Celebration·         Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments. (WS)

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